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Kermanshah City

 

Kermanshah
(Capital of Kermanshah province)

Kermanshah, Capital of Kermanshah province has some of the most exotic and famous archaeological sites in western part of Iran. Dating back from before recorded history through the Median, Achaemenian, Parthian and Sassanian dynasties to the Islamic era, Kermanshah has been a place for those tourists interested in culture and history of Iran. One of the most exotic tourist attractions in Kermanshah is the famous and ancient Relief of the triumph od Darius I , Bistun - 6th Century B.C.

 

Relief of the triumph od Darius I , Bistun - 6th Century B.C.

History

The city of Kermanshah is located in the center of the province and has a temperate climate. Kermanshah is one of the ancient cities of Iran and it is said that, Tahmores Divband, a mythical ruler of the Pishdadian had constructed it. Some attribute its constructions to Bahram Sassanid. During the reign of Qobad I and Anushirvan Sassanid, Kermanshah was at the peak of its glory. But in the Arab attack suffered great damage. Concurrent with the Afghan attack and the fall of Esfahan, Kermanshah was destroyed due to the Ottoman invasion. But from the beginning of the 11th century AH. it began to flourish.

In order to prevent a probable aggression of the Zangeneh tribe and due to its proximity with Ottoman Empire, the Safavid ruler paid great attention to this city. But in the Zandieh period upheavals increased, whereas during the Qajar era, Ottoman attacks reduced. Mohammad Ali Mirza in 1221 AH. was seated in kermanshah in order to prevent Ottoman aggression, and Khuzestan also came under his realm. An epigraph of Mohammad Ali Mirza in Taq-e-Bostan has been remained as a relic.

In 1267 AH. Imam Qoli Mirza was appointed by Naseredin Shah to protect the Kermanshah frontier. The former during his rule of 25 years constructed some buildings which have remained to be seen. In the Constitutional Movement this city played an important role and in World War I and II and was taken possession by foreign powers and after the war ended, the city was evacuated. As a result of the imposed Iraq war, this city sustained great losses and after the war vast efforts were taken to rehabilitate it. Kermanshah is the capital of the Kermanshah province and is located at a distance of 526 km. from Tehran.

 

Traditions

By traveling to Kermanshah Province, you can learn about the life-style of tribesmen who after centuries still lead a nomadic life living in tents while breeding domestic animals.
 

Language

Farsi is spoken with a pleasant Kermanshahi accent in Kermanshah, but in other parts of the province Kurdish is spoken in diversified accents.
 

Religion

About 70% are Shiites and some 15% Sunnites.

 

Shopping

Besides sweet memories that will never be forgotten, Nan-Brenji, Nan-Roghan, and handicrafts including gilim, giveh (cotton shoe), and local dress can be bought.


Geography

Kermanshah located in the middle of the western part of Iran, Kermanshah province covers an area of 2443.25 sq km. it os bounded on the north by the province of Kurdistan, on the south by the provinces of Lorestan and Ilam, on the east by Hamadan and on the west by Iraq. It is cold in the mountainous regions and mild in the plains. The most well-known mountains of Kermanshah are Koohe Sefid, Paroo, Bazi Deraz. The Plains are in Kangavar, Sahneh and Shah Abad districts. These broad plains are watered by rivers such as Dinor, Khorram Rood, Gamasyab and Gharasu. The mirages and several ponds such as Ravansar, Bistun and Songhor are some of the impressive natural beauty of the province. The beauty of nature in Richap, Tag-e-Bostan and Bistun catch everyones eye.Cities Bistoon, Taghe Bosan, Javanrood, Shah Abad, Kangavarm, Sar Pole Zahab, Songhor, Ghasre Shirin, Gilane Gharb. 19 towns, 24 rural districts and 84 villages. The center of this province is the city of Kermanshah.

 

Situation and access

Provincial capital, Kurdestan Region. Altitude 1,630 meters. 200 km E of Khosravi (Iran/Iraq border). 390 km to Baghdad on a good road. 590 km S-W of Tehran, via Hamadan (190 km) on a good road. 605 km South of Tabriz on a good road and 80km of track, via Sanandaj. 750 km north of Abadan on a very good road.

 

Population

Population : 6,000,000 app.

Population Density (1996) : 75 Persons/Sq. Km

Population Growth Rate(1991-1996): 1.8570

Urban Population (%) (1996): 61.75

Rural Population (%) (1996): 37.70

Non-resident Population (%) (1996): 0.55

Unemployment Rate (1996): 18.51

 

Weather

The climate in Kermanshah province is temperate. Apart from the western border regions of the province which neighbor Iraq, other parts of Kermanshah are climatically influenced by the factors of height, moist, western currents, and the direction of mountain hills.

The average annual rainfall in Kermanshah is 300 to 500 millimeters. The precipitation is often in the form of rain and in cold seasons in the form of snow. Cold weather usually starts in mid-December and continues until March.

The regions of Ghasre Shirin, Zahab, Soomar, and Nafte Shah in other words, the whole border strip have warm weather.

 

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